Clearing & Custody Services Guide

Inside the stock market, there is always a buyer and a seller. So, when a person buys a certain number of shares, there is another trader who sells the shares. This trade is settled only if the buyer receives the shares and the vendor receives the money.

Let’s see in detail how the process takes place

You can find three phases in a secondary market transaction:

1. Investing

2 . not Clearing

3. Negotiation


Within the currency markets, a large number of investments occur simultaneously. Typically the stock exchanges how to use electronic order coordinating system to match ‘buy’ and ‘sell’ orders from different traders. This way, each trade is executed.

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When two orders match and a industry is executed, the clearing process will take place. Clearing is the identification of what security is owed to the purchaser and how much money is owed to the seller. The entire process is managed by ‘clearing houses’. These are independent entities.

However , in the real market circumstance, traders often conduct multiple transactions. Since a result, the clearing house recognizes all the purchases and the web amount or internet securities owed to the trader are calculated.


Typically the next step is to fulfil the financial obligations determined in the clearing step. This requires the transaction arrangement for the customers and sellers.

These are another participant in the eradicating and settlement process in Indian stock market. When trading members place offers in the stock exchange, the same is moved to NSCCL, which transactions these to the cleaning members. The cleaning member is in charge of deciding the position of reveal to fit the trade.

Clearing banks

Cleaning banks are in charge of the settlement of funds. There are 13 clearing financial institutions, and each eradicating member needs to open a clearing account with either one of those. Within case of a pay-out, clearing users receive funds in the clearing bank account and case of pay-in they need to make funds available.


You will find two depositories in India – Countrywide Securities Depository Minimal (NSDL) and Key Depository Services Restricted (CDSL). These two depositories hold your Demat account, and clearing members also need to maintain a clearing pool account with them.

Clearing members need to transfer the securities to the clearing pool accounts they hold with the depositories on the date of settlement.

Professional Cleaning People

These are special category people appointed by the NSCCL. Yet , take note that they are not in order to business, and they can only clear and decide trades executed for clients. Professional cleaning members generally amount to banks, custodians and so on.